THE NATIONAL ATLAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

THE NATIONAL ATLAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

It consists of three volumes

  1. Natural conditions and resources
  2. Social and economic development
  3. Environment and ecology

Conceptual basis of creation

Atlas is a hierarchically organized system of thematic maps, which the performance of complex assessments (top level maps) involves process of clotting component characteristics (lower level maps), i.e., transition from a set of particular indicators to one generalized.

The integration of environmental indicators (temporal, territorial, between the ingredients, inter component, between the factors) is based on the principles of quality control, where any property of quality is defined by two numerical parameters - the relative significance and importance.

The Atlas contains three types of thematic maps:

  • inventory, that display elements of the environment and sources of human impact;
  • inventory and assessment, that describe the reaction medium on the human impacts;
  • complex estimates, containing ecology assessment, describing the condition of individual components and environment in general.
  • For mapping of territorial units used:
  • political and administrative division;
  • landscape and geographical regionalization;
  • basin zoning;
  • selective territorial division;
  • absence of territorial units (contours methods)

Atlas published in kazakh, russian and english languages

1 Preface 4 maps
2 Geophysical conditions tectonics, seismicity 14 maps
3 Geological setting, mineral resources 5 maps
4 Hydrogeology, groundwater resources  9 maps
5 Relief 3 maps
6 Climate, agroclimatic resources  27 maps
7 Hydrology surface water resources 17 maps
8 Glaciation, geocryology 2 maps
9 Soils, land resources 3 maps
10 Animals 9 maps
11 Vegetation 7 maps
12 Landscapes, physical-geographical regionalization 17 maps

                                          

VOLUME 2.  SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (142 maps)

Sections

 

1 Preface 1 maps
2 Population 13 maps
3 Social sphere 15 maps
4 Industry 15 maps
5 Agriculture  33 maps
6 Transport 10 maps
7 Tourism 3 maps
8 History, archeology 36 maps
9 Economic and social sphere of the regions 15 maps
10 External relations  4 maps

VOLUME 3.   Environment and ecology

Sections

1 Introduction 1 maps
2 Factors of anthropogenic impact on the environment 7 maps
3 The ecological state of the natural systems 35 maps
4 Dangerous natural processes and emergencies 20 maps
5 Desertification and land degradation 13 maps
6 Human ecology 11 maps
7 Ecological conditions of the regions 15 maps
8 Nature conservation 14 maps
9 Environmental safety  9 maps