LABORATORY OF GEOTOURISM AND GEOMORPHOLOGY

Head of the Laboratory – Kamshat Baratovna Yegemberdiyeva, Candidate of Geographical Sciences

 

E-mail: kamshat.yegemberdiyeva@gmail.com

History of the Laboratory

Laboratory “Geotourism and geomorphology” was founded by united of two laboratories “Geomorphology and GIS cartography” and “Tourism and recreation geography” in January 2022.

Department of Geomorphology and GIS cartography was founded in August 1991 on the initiative of Director of the Institute, Professor N.K. Mukitanov and Vice Director A.R. Medeu on the base of the Laboratory of Physical Geography and sector of geomorphology of the Institute of Geology named after K.I. Satpayev. The first Head of Department, who determined main directions of it’s development, was E.I. Nurmambetov.

Subject studies of the problems of recreation and tourism have been conducted at the Institute of Geography since 1996, and until 2003 they were led by V.I. Popov, Cand. of Geogr. Sc. In 2003, the Laboratory of Recreational Geography was merged with the Laboratory of Mountain Areas Geoecology under the supervision of V.P. Blagoveshchenskiy, Dr. of Geogr. Sc., and was named the Laboratory of Mountain Area Geoecology and Recreational Geography. In 2008, the Laboratory of Tourism and Recreation Geography was formed due to the expansion of the scope and quantity of work.

In the “Geotourism and geomorphology” laboratory Scientific studies of the theoretical, methodological, experimental and applied nature are conducted within the framework of budget, target and grant (domestic and foreign) funding, as well as work experience internship for undergraduate and graduate students in the “Tourism”, "Cartography" and "Geoinformatics" specialties was organized.

 Scientific areas

 1) Study of theoretical and methodological bases of the development and management of the tourism industry;

2) Development of the cadastre of nature, cultural-historical and socio-economic tourist facilities of Kazakhstan;

3) Introduction and development of information support for the implementation of the national and regional programs for the development of the tourism industry in Kazakhstan;

4) Study of ecological tourism as a factor of sustainable development of tourism in Kazakhstan.

5) Study of modern natural-anthropogenic relief-forming processes;

6) Monitoring of hazardous geomorphological processes: shifting sands, coastal ledge abrasion, gully erosion, landslide processes, etc.;

7) Ecological and geomorphological studies of natural and economic systems for rational land use;

8) Assessment of the risk of occurrence and development of dangerous exogenous processes;

9) Study of the role of geomorphological processes in the activation of desertification;

10) Geoinformation thematic and atlas mapping of the relief environment;

11) Scientific analysis of etymology and transliteration of restored historical geographical names.

Human Resources

Currently, 13 employees work at the laboratory, including 4 Candidates of Sciences, 3 PhDs, 3 PhD students. and 3 Masters. The specialists have international certificates confirming their competence in applying GIS technologies and materials of the Earth’s remote sensing, conducting inter- and trans-disciplinary scientific researches, developing and environmental strategy.

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Obtained scientific results:

Currently, there are two major projects of the laboratory “Geotourism and Geomorphology”: “Development of scientific and applied foundations for ensuring water security of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the transboundary Aral-Syrdarya basin until 2050.” (2021-2022) and "Cadastral assessment of the current ecological state of the flora and plant resources of the Almaty region as a scientific basis for the effective management of resource potential" (2021-2023).

  1. In 2021 according to the project "Development of scientific and applied foundations for ensuring water security of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the transboundary Aral-Syrdarya basin until 2050", studies were carried out to analyze the demographic situation and types of water supply for the population of the Aral-Syrdarya basin and assessment of the natural conditions and socio-economic development of the territory of the North Kazakhstan region in the context of the resettlement of the population from the Aral-Syrdarya basin.
  2. In 2021 according to the project "Cadastral assessment of the current ecological state of the flora and plant resources of the Almaty region as a scientific basis for the effective management of resource potential", maps of rare flora species, rare plant communities, and potential locations of rare species of flora were created for Karasai, Talgar, Enbekshikazakh, Uigur, Kegen, Raiymbek, Panfilov districts of Almaty region in scales 1:5 000 000 (paper version) and 1:1 000 000 (interactive map).

A number of projects were also implemented:

  • integrated environmental studies on the territory of the Shchuchinsk-Borovoye Resort Area to determine ways of sustainable development (MEP RK);
  • development of the scientific study of the Turkestan State National Nature Park and the Kyzylkum State Nature Reserve (World Wildlife Fund (WWF);
  • development of the scientific study for the expansion of the Sairam-Ugam State National Nature Park (“ATPG Kazakhstan” LLP);
  • development of the Sustainable Land Use Strategy for the Ile-Balkhash and Aral-Syrdariya Project Areas (GEF/UNDP/Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan);
  • creation of the “Ancient cities of Kazakhstan” interactive map in Kazakh, English and Russian languages (the Kazakh National Geographic Society with the support of ERG, KAZ Mineralsple and Kazakhmys Corporation LLP);
  • development of passports of unique natural sites of the Mangystau region” (Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management of the Mangystau region);
  • development of a scientific-technical substantiation of the maximum possible options for Eurasian transit through the territory of Kazakhstan (SC MES RK);
  • creation of the “People of Kazakhstan” scientific interactive historical map (SC MES RK) (the map can be found on the website of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan via the link: http://assembly.kz/ru);
  • development of methodology for mapping and creating a database of the health-improvement and tourism-recreational resource potential of the Atlas of Lakes (Committee on Water Resources of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan);
  • creation of the Atlas of the Kyzylorda region and interactive maps based on GIS technologies (PI international scientific complex "Astana");
  • “Integrated Assessment of Ecosystems of the Shchuchinsk-Borovoye Resort Area with the determination of the environmental load for the sustainable management of recreational potential” (SC MES RK);
  • management of tourism resources based on WEB-technologies on the example of North Kazakhstan (SC MES RK);
  • scientific and applied fundamentals of tourism resources management on the basis of Web-technologies on the example of Northern Kazakhstan;
  • monitoring studies of adverse exogeodynamic processes of the coastal zone of lake Alakol - the territory of intensive recreational development (SC MES RK);
  • monitoring researches on adverse exogeodynamic processes in the coastal zone of the Alakol lake – the territory of intensive recreational development;
  • compiling a map of the distribution area of essential oil plants in the South Kazakhstan region with a geodatabase in the ArcGIS Explorer program (“Silkway” International University);
  • development of zoning and landscape planning schemes for sustainable management of key biodiversity areas in 7 pilot districts of Almaty region (UNDP in Kazakhstan);
  • preliminary assessment of the impact of the proposed activity on the environment for the tourism infrastructure development in SNNP Altyn-Emel and SNNP Charyn (the Kazakh National Geographic Society).

Prospects of development

The scientific works of the staff is related to new areas of theoretical-methodological and applied researches, which are important for the development of the tourism industry of the Republic of Kazakhstan. They include:

  1. development of the theoretical-methodological bases of the study of the tourism industry with the use of best practices, including development of methods for assessing tourist potential, determining recreational capacity and permissible recreational loads;
  2. development of Strategies and Concepts for the development of tourism in the country and/or regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
  3. development of a natural-scientific and feasibility studies for creation, expansion, reorganization, and development strategies of specially protected natural areas;
  4. creation of a scientific-based description of the features of natural objects relief formation, assessment from the point of view of the safety of nature use, and the possibility of using their unique features as objects of tourist interest;
  5. Monitoring of dangerous geomorphological processes: moving sands, abrasion, mudflows, landslides, rockslides, karst, piping;
  6. Ecological-geomorphological researches in the areas of intensive economic development;
  7. development of passports of nature, cultural-historical and socio-economic tourism facilities of Kazakhstan in a single database (cadastre);
  8. development of reference tourist routes at the national, regional and local levels, substantiation of the features of their organization, marking, design of infrastructure elements, taking into account the existing geomorphological features of the territory;
  9. creation of a national Tourist Atlas on the basis of a single cadastre of tourism facilities of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
  10. GIS thematic and atlas cartography of relief environment, modern natural-anthropogenic relief building processes in Kazakhstan;
  11. GIS- and Web-support (interactive tourism map) in order to increase and develop productivity by automating researches in the tourism industry and popularizing the regions of Kazakhstan on a global scale.

 Main publications 

  1. Akiyanova F.Zh., Temirbayeva R.K., Orazbekova K.S. Socio-economic aspects of nature management in the Caspian region of Kazakhstan based on functional zoning of the territory. – News of the NAS of the RK, Series of Geol. and Techn. Sciences. – № 6, 2017. – P. 127-138.
  2. Yegemberdiyeva K.B., Temirbayeva R.K., Kelinbayeva R.Zh., Orazbekova K.S., Khen A.P., Yushina Yu.A., Gainulla S.A. The “Unique Mangystau” expedition // Problems of Geography and Geo-ecology, Almaty, 2017 – № 4. – P. 77-85.
  3. Khalykov Ye.Ye, Togys М.М., Uxukbayeva S.А., Sharapkhanova Zh.M. Study of the development of gully erosion in the valley of the river Mukyr using GIS technology // Issues of Geography and Geoecology. – Almaty, 2018. – №1. – 54-64.
  4. Mitrofanova A.N., Kalita R.Sh, Valeyev A.G., Abitbayeva A.D., Bekkuliyeva A.A., Sharapkhanova Zh.M., Uxukbayeva S.A. Geomorphological and engineering-geological conditions of the Quaternary sediments of the Alakol depression // Issues of geography and geoecology. №3, Almaty, 2018. P. 94-103.
  5. Yegemberdiyeva K.B., Orazbekova K.S., Yushina Yu.A. Main stages of the development of tourist routes by types of ecological tourism (on the example of the Mangystau region) //Problems of Geography and Geo-ecology. – Almaty, 2018. – №1. – P. 89-98.
  6. Yegemberdiyeva K.B., Karzhaubayev K.K., Temirbayeva R.K., Kelinbayeva R.Zh., Orazbekova K.S., Khen A.P., Yushina Yu.A. Creation of a database of tourism-recreational potential (using the examples of the lakes of the Akmola region) //Problems of Geography and Geo-ecology. – Almaty, 2018. – №3. – P. 10-18.
  7. Valeyev A.G., Akiyanova F.Zh., Abitbayeva A.D., Khalykov Ye.Ye., Togys M.M. Development of abrasion shores of Alakol lake according to the field research materials // News of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Series of Geology and Technical Sciences. – Almaty, 2018. – №6.
  8. Mitrofanova A.N., Kalita R.Sh, Valeyev A.G., Abitbayeva A.D., Bekkuliyeva A.A., Sharapkhanova Zh.M., Uxukbayeva S.A. Geomorphological and engineering-geological conditions of the Quaternary sediments of the Alakol depression // Issues of geography and geoecology. – Almaty, 2018. – №3. – P. 94-103.
  9. Yegemberdiyeva K.B., Temirbayeva R.K., Orazbekova K.S., Khen A.P. Determination of monitoring sites for the assessment of the recreational load on the ecosystem of the Shchuchinsk-Borovoye Resort Area //Problems of Geography and Geo-ecology. – Almaty, 2018. – №3. – P. 19-26.
  10. Yushina Yu.A., Kelinbayeva R.Zh., Khen A.P. Climatic conditions as a component of the assessment of the recreational potential of Kazakhstan lakes //Newsletter of the KazNU. Geographical series – Almaty, 2018 – Volume 51 № 4. – P.84-96.
  11. G. Valeyev, F.Zh. Akiyanova, A.D. Abitbayeva, Ye.Ye. Khalykov, M.M. Togys. Development of abrasion shores of Alakol lake according to the field research materials / News of the National Sciences Academy of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Geology and Technique sciences part. Almaty, 2019. №. 1 pp. 195-205.
  12. Yushina Yu.A., Orazbekova K.S. Evaluation of tourist and recreation potential of lakes on Shchuchinsk-borovoye resort area // Science, new technologies and innovations in Kyrgyzstan. – 2019. – №. 9. – С. 120-124.
  13. Valeyev A.G., Abitbayeva A.D., Mitrofanova A.N., ., Khalykov Ye.Ye., Togys M.M., Uxukbayeva S. А., Sharapkhanova Zh. M. Tourist and recreational potential of Lake Alakol // Issues of geography and geoecology. – Almaty, 2019. – №3. – С. 3-11.
  14. Orazbekova K.S. Assessment of tourism potential and mapping of hydrological resources of the Akmola region // Issues of geography and geoecology. – Almaty, 2020. – №2. – С.96-102.
  15. Temirbayeva R.K., Yegemberdiyeva K.B., Orazbekova K.S., Yushina Yu.A, KhenP., Azhirov N.A. Tourist routes o f the State National Natural Park “Burabay”// Issues of geography and geoecology. – Almaty, 2020. – №3. – С. 91-98.
  16. Yegemberdiyeva K., Khen A., Yushina Yu., Temirbayeva R., Orazbekova K. Assessment of the natural-recreational resources of the Akmola Region (Based on the Example of the Shchuchinsk-Borovoye Resort Area) for the Purpose of Sustainable Development of Tourism // GeoJournal of Tourism and Geosites, 2020. – vol. 30, no. 2. 818-826. DOI: 10.30892/gtg.302spl06-510.
  17. Zh. Akiyanova, R.K. Temirbayeva, K.B.Yegemberdiyeva, A.Atalikhova, A. Simbatova, A. Nazhbiyev The state and possibilities of ecotourism development within the National Nature Parks of Kazakhstan // Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 – Volume 14, Issue 1, р. 507-514.
  18. Zh. Akiyanova, R.K. Temirbayeva, K.B.Yegemberdiyeva, A.Atalikhova, A. Simbatova, A. Nazhbiyev The state and possibilities of ecotourism development within the National Nature Parks of Kazakhstan // Eurasian Journal of Biosciences, 2020 – Volume 14, Issue 1, р. 507-514.
  19. G. Valeyev, F.Zh. Akiyanova, Zh. Sagintayev. The coastal zone of Alakol lake modern relief formaition processe // Hydrometeorology and ecology. – Almaty, 2020. – № 2. – С.129-149.
  20. KHEN A.P. Assessment of biodiversity of Akmola region for tourism development // Vestnik KRSU. – Bishkek, 2020. – 20. – № 4. – С. 158-165. (IF – 0,106).
  21. Khalykov Ye.Ye., Lyy Yu.F., Kakimzhanov Y.Kh., Makimbayeva M.M., Sharapkhanova Zh. M. Study of gully erosion using method of terrestrial laser scanning // Hydrometeorology and ecology. – № 2. – Almaty, 2020. – С.150-169.
  22. Valeyev A.G., Abitbayeva A.D., Lyy Yu.F. Environmental and coastal protection measures to stabilize the processes of relief formation on the coast of Lake Alakol // Issues of geography and geoecology. – Almaty, 2021. – №1. – С. 32-45.
  23. Lyy Yu.F., Khalykov Ye.Ye., Valeyev A.G., Abitbayeva A.D. Analysis of engineering and geological conditions of the territory of the North Kazakhstan region for economic development // Issues of geography and geoecology. – Almaty, 2021. – №3.
  24. Khalykov Ye.Ye., Lyy Yu.F., Abitbayeva A.D., Togys M.M., Valeyev A.G. Determination of the dynamics of the processing of the coastal ledge of Lake Alakol using a laser scanner // Issues of geography and geoecology. – Almaty, 2021. – №4 (in-print).
  25. Valeyev A.G. Use of underground and surface water resources for household and drinking needs of the North Kazakhstan region // Issues of geography and geoecology. – Almaty, 2021. – №4 (in-print).
  26. Khalykov, Y., Lyy. Y, Sarybaev, E., Togys, M., Uksukbayeva, S., Sharapkhanova, Z. Study of conditions of gully formation in mountain regions of south-east Kazakhstan with use of GIS-technologies // Geodesy and Cartography (Vilnius). – 2021. – 47(2). – С. 54-65.
  27. Temirbayeva R.K., Orazbekova K.S., Azhirov N. A. Modern demographic processes of the North Kazakhstan region // Issues of geography and geoecology. – Almaty, 2021. – №3. – С. 59-65.
  28. Tairov A.Z., Abdibekov D.U., Orazbekova K.S. Clarification of the main morphometric characteristics of Lake Kamystybas // Issues of geography and geoecology. – Almaty, 2021. – №4. (in-print).

Participation in conferences

In foreign countries:

  1. Dilyara Woodward, Natalya Ivanova, Kamshat Yegemberdieva, Farida Akiyanova, Il'ya Fishman. Mangistau Aspiring Geopark (Kazakhstan) //9th ProGEO Symposium. Geoheritage and Conservation: Modern Approaches and Applications Towards the 2030 Agenda. Checiny, Poland, 25-28the June, 2018. – P. 86-87.
  2. Dilyara Woodward, Natalya Ivanova, Kamshat Yegemberdieva, Farida Akiyanova, Il'ya Fishman. Mangistau Aspiring Geopark (Kazakhstan) //9th ProGEO Symposium. Geoheritage and Conservation: Modern Approaches and Applications Towards the 2030 Agenda. Checiny, Poland, 25-28the June, 2018. – P. 86-87.
  3. Yushina Yu., Yegemberdiyeva K. Assessment of tourism and recreational potential of climatic resources of the Akmola region (Kazakhstan) //XIX International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM (28 June – 7 July). – 2019.
  4. Adilet Valeyev, Marat Karatayev, Ainagul Abitbayeva, Saule Uxukbayeva, Aruzhan Bektursynova and Zhanerke Sharapkhanova. Monitoring Coastline Dynamics of Alakol Lake in Kazakhstan Using Remote Sensing Data // Geosciences. MDPI, Switzerland. 2019, Volume 9, Issue 9, 404; doi:10.3390/geosciences9090404 https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9090404
  5. Yegemberdiyeva K., Temirbayeva R., Orazbekova K., Khen A., Yushina Yu. Management of tourist resources based on the use of Web-technology on the example of the Akmola region, the Republic of Kazakhstan //XXth International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM (16-25 August). – 2020.
  6. Khalykov, Yu. Lyy, A. Abitbayeva, M. Togys, A.Valeyev. Terrestrial laser scanning method for monitoring erosion of the southwestern shore of Alakol lake // 20th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management SGEM. – Bulgaria, Albena. – 16.08–25.08.2020.
  7. Abitbayeva, Yu. Lyy, A.Valeyev, R. Kalita, A.Mitrofanova. Classification of Alakol lake coastes by prevailing exogeodinamic processes and recreational conditions // 20th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management SGEM. – Bulgaria, Albena. – 16.08–25.08.2020.

in publications of the CIS countries:

  1. Valeyev A.G. Application of DEM for the analysis of morphometry of the drainage basin of Lake Alakol // Regional problems of remote sensing of the earth. Proceedings of the V International Scientific Conference, September 11-14. – Krasnoyarsk, 2018. - С. 264-267.
  2. Bektursynova A.A., Mitrofanova A.N., Kalita R.Sh., Valeyev A.G., Abitbayeva A.D. Assessment of natural and anthropogenic factors of recreational development of the coastal zone of Lake Alakol // Anthropogenic transformation of geospace: nature, economy, society. Materials of the V International Scientific and Practical Conference, October 1-4. – Volgograd, 2019 – 390-395.
  3. Khalykov Ye.Ye., Mitrofanova A.N., Kalita R.Sh. Characteristics of anthropogenic and relief-forming processes of Quaternary deposits of the Eastern part of the buffer zone of the Trans-Kazakhstan watercourse // Proceedings of the IV International Scientific and Practical Conference. – Volgograd, 2017. – С. 244-253.

in publications of the Republic of Kazakhstan:

  1. Valeyev A.G., Abieva D.K., Mitrofanova A.N., Uxukbayeva S.А., Sharapkhanova Zh. M. Review of research materials conducted on the territory of the Alakol-Sasykkol group of lakes // Materials of the international scientific-practical conference "Modernization of natural science education in conditions of updated content", Almaty, March 2-3, 2017. – С. 626-630.
  2. Yegemberdieva K., Kelinbayeva R., Magzom M., Orazbekova K., Temirbayeva R. Geoinformation systems in the development of interactive scientific historical map "The people of Kazakhstan" // Agenda of the GIS in Central Asia Conference – GISCA 2018 "Geoinformatics for Regional Development", June 14-17, 2018 (Almaty, Kazakhstan).

Monographs

  1. Temirbayeva R.K., Akiyanova .Zh., Karynbayev A.K., Ospanbayev Zh.O., Yegemberdiyeva K.B., Budnikova T.I., Sharapkhanova Zh.M. // Strategy and Action Plan for Sustainable Land Use in the Ile-Balkhash Project Area. – Astana, 2017 – p. 85. ISBN 978-601-7882-27-3.
  2. Temirbayeva R.K., Akiyanova Zh., Karynbayev A.K., Ospanbayev Zh.O., Yegemberdiyeva K.B., Budnikova T.I., Sharapkhanova Zh.M. // Strategy and Action Plan for Sustainable Land Use in the Aral-Syrdariya Project Area. – Astana, 2017 – p. 116. ISBN 978-601-7882-27-3.
  3. Akiyanova , Temirbayeva R., Karynbayev A. and Yegemberdiyeva K. Assessment of the scale, geographical distribution and diversity of pastures along the Kazakhstan’s part of the route of the great Silk Road // Book Title: Rangelands along the Silk Road: Transformative Adaptation under Climate and Global Change. (Eds.: Squires V., Shang, Ariapour). – NOVA, New York, 2017. – 389 p. ISBN 978-1-53610-612-1 (e-book).
  4. Zh. Akiyanova, E.I. Nurmambetov, K.B. Yegemberdiyeva, R.K. Temirbayeva, O.A. Tokzhanov et.al. Mangystau, a land that fascinates the imagination: monograph / Chief Editor A.R. Medeu; Institute of Geography. – Almaty, 2019. – p. 304. ISBN 978-601-7150-93-8. (in-print).
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 Expeditions and field research

Field researches of the regions of Kazakhstan were carried out at different times within the framework of projects funded by domestic and foreign customers. Among the most important, the following ones can be highlighted:

“Development of passports of unique nature sites of the Mangystau region”

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2019-07-03_145147

 

Field research in the framework of the project on the “Scientific study for the expansion of the Sairam-Ugam SNNP”

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Territory of the Tole Bi branch of the Sairam-Ugam SNNP

2019-07-03_145418

Field research in the framework of the project on “Geography of ancient cities of Kazakhstan”

2019-07-03_145430

“Integrated assessment of the ecosystems of the Shchuchinsk-Borovoye Resort Area with the determination of the environmental load in order to sustainably use the recreational potential”

“Integrated assessment of the ecosystems of the Shchuchinsk-Borovoye Resort Area with the determination of the environmental load in order to sustainably use the recreational potential”

2019-07-03_145834
2019-07-03_145859

Field research in the framework of the project on “Scientific and applied bases of management of tourism resources based on WEB-technologies using the example of North Kazakhstan”

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The “Legends of the South” expedition

2019-07-03_150041
2019-07-03_150048

“Development of zoning and landscape planning schemes for sustainable management of key biodiversity areas in 7 pilot districts of Almaty region”

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“Development of passports for small lakes and rivers of Kazakhstan”

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“Preliminary assessment of the territory for the development of tourism infrastructure in SNNP Altyn-Emel and SNNP Charyn”

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Development of passports for small lakes in Kazakhstan" (RSI "Committee for Water Resources of the Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources").

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