The institute has 3 scientific centers: the Center for Water Security, the Center for Geographical Research, Center for Geographic Information Technologies and 7 specialized departments: Landscape Study and Nature Management, Geoturism and Geomorphology, Natural Hazards, Water Resources, Sufficiency of Water Supply of Natural-Economic Systems, Hydrochemistry and Ecological Toxicology, Geospatial economics. There are 3 research stations in the mountains of North Tien-Shan, in the Aral Sea region and in the Balkhash region.
The Institute of Geography is one of the oldest research centers of academic specialization in Kazakhstan and the only Scientific Research Institute of geographical specialization in the Central Asian region. At the present moment in the Institute of geography there are 170 employees including, 3Academicians of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 12 Doctors of Sciences и 26 Candidates of Sciences, 8 PhD, 2 PhD students.
50 % of employees are young specialists who knows the methods of modern scientific researches.